Montmartre is the quintessential Parisian neighborhood - a must-see on your visit to the City of Light. If you want to avoid crowds, see all the most important sights, and stay safe, check out these tips!
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Montmartre is on everyone's Paris must-see list. During the Belle Epoque (or the Fin de Siecle - the end of the 19th Century), the area was home base to a number of the world's most famous artists - Renoir, Degas, Modigliani, Picasso, Pissarro, and, of course van Gogh. If you were a kid of the Millennium, like me, you've been (potentially curiously) wanting to visit Montmartre since you first saw Moulin Rouge in 2001. Or, if we're living parallel lives, you fell in love with Montmartre while watching a heavily edited version of Amelie in high school French class. It's depicted in countless paintings and images of Paris, and is one of the first identifiable sights you'll see as you drive in from the airport. It's been a haven for artists and counter-culture advocates for over a hundred years now - and just a walk around is certainly an experience for all!
Montmartre is easily accessible from most places you'll be starting out from in central Paris. For us, we opted for the Abbesses metro stop, on Line 12 (see below). With Abbesses as your starting point, you'll start at the "bottom" of the "butte" and work your way up the hill to Sacre-Coeur. What I did not know when I gleefully jumped off the 12 train to Abbesses is that it is the deepest metro station in Paris. There's a reason that there's no line for the stairs!!!!!
If you do manage to make it out of the station, you will be greeted by the stunning, Art Deco edicule - one of only two remaining "dragonfly" metro covers in Paris, so be sure not to miss the first sight on your trip! Montmartre is also served by Line 2, from which you would enter the area from the Pigalle, Anvers, or Blanche stations. Safety is discussed below, but while there's no need to worry, be thoughtful. Montmartre is closer to some rougher neighborhoods and as a haven for tourists, always attracts people looking to make a quick buck...in a less-than-honest way.
For us, and most people, the main attraction is just strolling around the winding streets. The area is a mix of funky artists, gentrified condos, and and over-flow of tourists. We chose to make our way to Sacre-Coeur first (described below), and then work our way down the hill on the other side from there.
The beginnings of Montmartre's history are religious. Located at (what would have been) the North of Paris (now very much part of the massive city), the area has been populated since the Romans occupied Galle. The hill became famous - and continues to be a religious pilgrimage site- owing to the decapitation of the local Bishop by the Romans in 250. According to legend, he picked up his head and carried on. What is believed to be his church remains today, Saint-Pierre (discussed below). Afterward, an abbey was constructed on the site which stood until its demolition during the Revolution.
Montmartre became part of the City of Paris in 1860 - as the 18th arrondissement. In 1871, the hill was the site of the beginning of the Paris Commune, a left-wing French uprising that began when a group of the communards seized Franco-Prussian war munitions that were being stored on Montmartre. After establishing a short-lived commune, the remaining communards were executed by the French Army at Pere Lachase Cemetery. If all this history is starting to bog you down, I really enjoyed Edward Rutherfurd's Paris as a fun (and fictionalized) walk through French history. Weaving together the histories of several French families, Rutherfurd will help you remember the parts of French history you might has missed in school!
In the end of the 19th century and into the 20th, Montmartre became a haven of dance halls and bars, off the beaten path and frequented by the artists who changed the art of a generation. The famous cabaret theatre, the Moulin Rouge, is still available for for shows (an offer which is taken up by over 600,000 tourists each year - no, that's not a typo).
Originally constructed in 1147, the church accompanied the Montmartre Abbey, which has long since been destroyed. Saint-Pierre is located next to/slightly behind Sacre-Coeur (if you're lookin at Sacre-Coeur, it's to the left). Largely overshadowed by its much younger neighbor, Saint-Pierre is definitely worth a visit. Renovated in the 19th-century from near-tear-down degradation, today it's a quaint treasure. Be sure to note the Roman columns used in the reconstruction of the nave. Even if you are not a great church historian, it's a lovely sight and, a very nice way to escape the swarming crowds.
The Basilica of Sacre-Coeur is an absolutely stunning gem - perched atop the butte of Montmartre, its history makes it all the more fascinating. When touring a city as old and storied as Paris, it's easy to forget that history is always continuing to be written. Construction began in 1874, with the Basilica finally completed and consecrated in 1919. Debate remains over the exact purpose of the building of the Basilica, but unifying the country, erasing moral transgressions of the Paris Commune, and commemorating the soldiers who died in the Franco-Prussian War were all in the mix. Of course, the war itself was a political maneuver on the other side, by Otto von Bismarck, to unify the disparate German states into the Germany we know today.
It is free to enter the Basilica - free audio guides are available. However, lines can be quite lengthy, so you may need to budget significant time to go through security and wait in the line.
The unfortunate reality of visiting any large tourist destination is that you need to be on the alert and Montmartre is no exception. Be aware. Do not talk to strangers. If someone approaches you just politely say "No thank you" "or "non, merci" and continue walking. If you feel uncomfortable, just leave. In an international setting, pretending not to understand what the person is saying is always an easy option! There is no reason that a stranger should be approaching you and asking anything from you - to accept/take anything, to buy/sell anything, or to ask questions.
Below are some of the cons we encountered when we visited, but remember, people are always thinking of new and exciting ways to steal.
Eating and Drinking
It's in Montmartre that, if you're anything like us, you finally get the courage to channel La Boheme and say (in French, no less) "Yes, we'd like a wine and a beer...but big ones, we're on vacation...I don't remember the right words...thanks so much."
Montmartre is over-flowing with restaurants - ranging from the fun hole-in-the-wall place, to the general French cafe, to...uh oh, tourist trap (if you're worried about tourist trap restaurants, check out my post on Picking Restaurants in Europe). In general, try to pick a restaurant in advance, but, of course, days get away from all of us, places are crowded, etc. and sometimes you just have to eat where you eat! Don't forget to grab a drink and imbibe the culture! We opted for La Villa des Abbesses - a lovely little place with a nice lunch deal and good wine - what more could you want?
Thanks so much for stopping by! For more tips on your visit to Paris, don't forget to read up on your Rick Steves! xx
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